Argentina rules all public transport must state: 'The Falklands are Argentina' - Telegraph
Argentina's congress passes a law which states that all public transport and stations must display a sign reading "Las Malvinas son Argentinas". If you just shout it and walk on? Seriously, nothing. Crowded places in London are y'know crowded, and noisy, and lots of people in the way, it won't have. A law passed by the Argentine Congress says public transport must have signs saying "Las Malvinas son Argentinas" (the Falkland Islands are.
It says we are a developing nation of our own, which is much better understood in a postcolonial world. We're not an imposed population and we're not oppressed either. The French settled the islands first, innaming them Iles Malouines, which the Spanish translated as Las Malvinas. A year later the British established a settlement there as well, claiming the islands as their own, without realizing that the French were already there, on the other side of the archipelago.
Argentine-Falklands conflict touches both to core
Their dispute, and many others, continued untilwhen the British Navy definitively took control. A few years earlier, in its campaigns against Spain, Britain had attacked Buenos Aires. Memories of British troops in their capital were raw as Argentina became a nation — and ever since, Argentines have considered the islands their lost province, a vestige of colonial power they believe Britain stole from them after ousting the South Americans who had been there.
The view in the Falkland Islands is quite different. Records in Stanley show that there were hardly any people on the wind-swept, treeless islands when the British took control.
The only people ousted were eight workers led by Antonio "Gaucho" Rivero who were arrested for murdering their five overseers, who were Scottish, Irish, German and French, in a labor dispute.
The workers were paid in worthless scrip, and wanted real currency to make purchases from passing ships. An accounting of the population written by the settlement's clerk at the time, Thomas Helsby, describes Rivero and the other gauchos and Indians as "murderers" who were eventually captured in These events also were recorded by naturalist Charles Darwin and his crew, who stopped in the islands twice during their historic scientific expedition.
The British said they had to intervene because the islands had become lawless. Navy had declared them free of any national authority in a bid to protect the interests of American sealers and whalers.
Other contemporary documents, now kept in the archives of Argentina, Britain and Spain, together show that no nation had undisputed ownership beforewhen British naval power finally gave settlers the security they needed to establish themselves. The population of 3, that has grown up since then arrived by birth or by choice, apart from shipwreck victims who decided to stay. And together they have forged a unique identity: They have much more in common with a small village in the north of Scotland than mainland Argentina, even if the South American coast is just a minute plane ride away.
Most islanders are directly or distantly related to each other, and depend on each other in ways that much larger societies can no longer relate to.
They tend to look on outsiders — even British who come to work on temporary contracts — with a certain degree of suspicion. Sincethe Falkland Island Company dominated the colonial economy, employing sheep farmers at punishing wages and sending the profits back to its shareholders in Britain.
Only in the s did the FIC, as the company is known, begin selling its farms to the islanders. The Lynx launched a torpedoand strafed the submarine with its pintle -mounted general purpose machine gun ; the Wessex also fired on Santa Fe with its GPMG. Santa Fe was damaged badly enough to prevent her from diving. With Tidespring now far out to sea, and the Argentine forces augmented by the submarine's crew, Major Sheridan decided to gather the 76 men he had and make a direct assault that day.
After a short forced march by the British troops and a naval bombardment demonstration by two Royal Navy vessels Antrim and Plymouththe Argentine forces surrendered without resistance. God Save the Queen. The mission required repeated refuellingand required several Victor K2 tanker aircraft operating in concert, including tanker to tanker refuelling.
The overall effect of the raids on the war is difficult to determine, and the raids consumed precious tanker resources from Ascension,  but also prevented Argentina from stationing fast jets on the islands.
Historian Lawrence Freedmanwho was given access to official sources comments that the significance of the Vulcan raids remains controversial.
The single hit in the centre of the runway was probably the best that could have been expected but it did reduce the capability of the runway to operate fast jets and caused the Argentine air force to deploy Mirage III to defend the capital.
Argentine-Falklands conflict touches both to core
The longest and only paved runway was at the capital, Stanleyand even that was too short to support fast jets although an arrestor gear was fitted in April to support Skyhawks. Therefore, the Argentines were forced to launch their major strikes from the mainland, severely hampering their efforts at forward staging, combat air patrolsand close air support over the islands.Roger Waters dijo; "Las Malvinas son argentinas" - Roger Waters says; "The Falkland are Argentine"
The effective loiter time of incoming Argentine aircraft was low, and they were later compelled to overfly British forces in any attempt to attack the islands. Only a section of Grupo 6 flying IAI Dagger aircraft found ships, which were firing at Argentine defences near the islands.
The Daggers managed to attack the ships and return safely. This greatly boosted morale of the Argentine pilots, who now knew they could survive an attack against modern warships, protected by radar ground clutter from the Islands and by using a late pop up profile.
A Dagger  and a Canberra were shot down. Both sides refused to fight at the other's best altitude, until two Mirages finally descended to engage.
One was shot down by an AIM-9L Sidewinder air-to-air missile AAMwhile the other escaped but was damaged and without enough fuel to return to its mainland air base. The plane made for Stanley, where it fell victim to friendly fire from the Argentine defenders. Despite the Black Buck and Harrier raids on Stanley airfield no fast jets were stationed there for air defence and overnight shelling by detached ships, it was never out of action entirely.
Argentina FA fined £19,540 for displaying Falklands banner
Lockheed Hercules transport night flights brought supplies, weapons, vehicles, and fuel, and airlifted out the wounded up until the end of the conflict. The only Argentine Hercules shot down by the British was lost on 1 June when TC was intercepted by a Sea Harrier in daylight   when it was searching for the British fleet north-east of the islands after the Argentine Navy retired its last SP-2H Neptune due to airframe attrition.
Three hundred and twenty-three members of General Belgrano's crew died in the incident. More than men were rescued from the open ocean despite cold seas and stormy weather. The losses from General Belgrano totalled nearly half of the Argentine deaths in the Falklands conflict and the loss of the ship hardened the stance of the Argentine government.
Regardless of controversies over the sinking —including disagreement about the exact nature of the maritime exclusion zone and whether General Belgrano had been returning to port at the time of the sinking—it had a crucial strategic effect: However, settling the controversy inthe ship's captain Hector Bonzo confirmed that General Belgrano had actually been manoeuvering, not "sailing away" from the exclusion zone, and had orders to sink "any British ship he could find".
Further, Captain Bonzo stated that any suggestion that HMS Conqueror's actions were a "betrayal" was utterly wrong; rather, the submarine carried out its duties according to the accepted rules of war.
Badly damaged and with eight crew dead, Alferez Sobral managed to return to Puerto Deseado two days later. The Canberra's crew were never found. Sheffield had been ordered forward with two other Type 42s to provide a long-range radar and medium-high altitude missile picket far from the British carriers. She was struck amidships, with devastating effect, ultimately killing 20 crew members and severely injuring 24 others.
The ship was abandoned several hours later, gutted and deformed by the fires that continued to burn for six more days. She finally sank outside the Maritime Exclusion Zone on 10 May. Woodward was a former commanding officer of Sheffield.
The tempo of operations increased throughout the first half of May as the United Nations' attempts to mediate a peace were rejected by the Argentinians.
Argentina FA fined £19, for displaying Falklands banner | Daily Mail Online
In it, the British abandoned their previous "red-line" that British administration of the islands should be restored on the withdrawal of Argentinian forces, as supported by United Nations Security Council Resolution Instead, it proposed a UN administrator should supervise the mutual withdrawal of both Argentinian and British forces, then govern the islands in consultation with the representative institutions of the islands, including Argentines, although no Argentines lived there.
Reference to " self-determination " of the islanders was dropped and the British proposed that future negotiations over the sovereignty of the islands should be conducted by the UN. The operation was codenamed " Mikado ".